Teacher's Guide

        We are pleased to present to you the Education Resource Guide for Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Cultures in the Americas, an exhibition focusing on the history and culture of Maroon communities in Suriname, French Guiana, and Jamaica, and also the Seminole Maroon communities along the U.S.-Mexico border.

        Designed to serve a broad audience of museum visitors, teachers, and students, this guide offers interdisciplinary activities for history, visual arts, social studies, creative writing, and music education. The materials can be adapted for all ages, from kindergarten students to adults. Please duplicate the materials provided as needed.

        This guide also includes a music component with samples of different rhymes, ritual music, drumming styles, and dance music. The music was recorded on site at various Maroon communities and at the Smithsonian Institution 1992 Festival of American Folklife. The guide also includes a compact disc recording, Drums of Defiance, produced by Smithsonian Folkways Recordings; a Maroon food recipe booklet; and a copy of the April 1995 magazine Faces for children, published by Cobblestone Publishing Co. These educational materials are provided by SITES to assist you in the development of educational programs around the exhibition.

We gratefully acknowledge the following colleagues who generously contributed to the guide:

Exhibition curators: Diana Baird N'Diaye, Ph.D.; Thomas Polimé, Ph.D.; and Kenneth Bilby, Ph.D.

Maroon community advisors: Adiante Frantzoon, Suriname Maroons; William "Dub" Warrior and Ethel Warrior, Seminole Maroons; and Major Charles Aarons and Colonel C. L. G. Harris, Jamaican Maroons.

Other contributors: Ian Hancock, Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin; Sally Price, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University; Richard Price, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University; H. M. L. Libretto, District Commissioner of the Sipa Rwini District, Suriname; Shirley Mock, Ph.D., University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures at San Antonio; Angelica Delfina Sánchez, 1998 intern at SITES; Arianne Fischer, Heidi Gjerset, Linda Guin, Herbert Ruffin III, John Westerman, and Karen Weinstein, interns at the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage; Vivien Chen, Project Director, SITES; Smithsonian Folklife Archives; Smithsonian Center for Museum Studies, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings; Cobblestone Publishing Co, Philadelphia, PA.

We hope these resources will enhance your visitors' enjoyment of the exhibition.

Evelyn Figueroa

Project Director, Creativity and Resistance: Maroon Cultures in the Americas